THE EFFECT OF AROMATHERAPY LAVENDER ON THE FULFILLMENT OF THE NEED OF SLEEP IN ELDERLY
A pre experimental study in Kupang Praupan RW VII Kel. Dr. Soetomo Kec. Tegalsari Surabaya
By : Pratiwi R. I
Elderly is the final stage of cycle of life. In this stage, human experiences biological, psychological as well as social changes. Sleep is a basic need of all human beings to have an optimal function, both in healthy condition and during illness. Fulfillment of the need sleep disorder is one of the problems that faced by elderly. Aromatherapy lavender is one of method to increase the fulfillment of the need of sleep. Objective of this study was to analize the effect of aromatherapy lavender on the fulfillment of the need of sleep in elderly.
This study used pre experimental design. Population was elderly with sleep disorder in Kupang Praupan RW VII Kel. Dr. Soetomo Kec. Tegalsari Surabaya. Sample was recruited using purposive sampling, consisting of 11 respondens, taken according to the inclusion. Independent variable of this study was aromatherapy lavender and the dependent variable was the fulfillment of sleep in elderly. Data were collected by using structured questionnaire before and after the application of using aromatherapy lavender. This study use PSQI (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) instrument. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index is an effective instrument used to measure the quality and patterns of sleep in the older adult. It differentiates “poor” from “good” sleep by measuring seven areas: subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbances, use of sleeping medication, and daytime dysfunction over the last month. Client self-rates each of these seven areas of sleep. A global sum of “5” or greater indicates a “poor” sleeper. They were analysed by using Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test with level of significance p ≤ 0.05.
Result showed that aromatherapy lavender effect the increase of fulfillment of the need of sleep (p = 0.046). Conclusively, aromatherapy lavender has significant effect on the fulfillment of the need of sleep. For the next research about aromatherapy lavender,it can be used to increase the need of sleep elderly in maksimum period, so the result hopefully has prominent differences before and after intervention.