Alumni Fakultas Kedokteran
|Nama||Nor Hidayah Binti Ramli, S.Ked.|
|Bidang Ilmu||Profesi Pendidikan Dokter|
|Pembimbing.II||DR.dr Eddy Bagus Wasito M.S.|
Nowdays, the number of drug users is increasing. Drug abuse is regarded as one of the main cause of the HIV spread. The objectives of the study are to estimate prevalence of HIV infection among the drug users in RSU.Dr. Soetomo Hospital municipality and to identify the risk factors. The research is a cross sectional study that approved by incidence of HIV infected with risk factors. The data just take from UPIPI that contains of IDU’s and sexual transmitted by refer the age and sex. In depth research was found at UPIPI to have information about variables of study. The variables are age of patient, sex and the risk factors likes sexual behavior and injection of drug. From the first research that I were found is a total of registration of patient IDU is 186 people’s in year 2006 and was increased to 259 people.
By the way, the patient who infected HIV among drug users in year 2006 is 142 people and year 2007 is increasing to 213 people. Otherwise, the balanced of registration were not infected. For the sexual transmitted of HIV’s incidence is 66 peoples for year 2006 and up to 85 peoples for year 2007. That was dramatically increases the prevalence of HIV infection. The data also show that man are most infected of HIV than woman among used drug injection. The table’s percentage have show higher risk at HIV infection. There is 68.3% for year 2006 and up to 71.5% for year 2007 that were infected by IDU and the cause of sexual transmitted for year 2006 is 31.7% and increased to 28.5%.
World Health Organization data indicate that in 1993, 80 countries reported the existence of injecting drug use, and 52 of these countries reported human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among IDUs. In 1999, 136 countries reported injecting drug use, and 93 of these countries reported HIV infection among IDUs. Actually we know that HIV is present as both free virus particles and virus within infected immune cells. Infection with HIV occurs by the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk. Within these bodily fluids. The three major routes of transmission are unprotected sexual intercourse, contaminated needles, and transmission from an infected mother to her baby at birth, or through breast milk.
Injecting drug use is associated with many local and systemic complications for the individual and also is associated with the transmission of infectious diseases via needle sharing and sexual activity. The most commonly injected drugs are heroin and cocaine. Treatment of IDUs may be complicated by social and political barriers to treatment and, in developing countries, by a lack of resources for public health approaches to treatment.Introduction of and rapid increase in injecting drug use is believed to be responsible for dramatic increases in HIV infection in some areas, particularly in developing countries. Injecting drug use causes medical problems by introducing pathogens and other contaminants into the body via shared needles and a lack of sterile preparation and injection techniques.