THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EFFLEURAGE TECHNIQUE AND WARM COMPRESS IN THE REDUCTION OF MENSTRUAL CRAMP (DYSMENORRHEA) SCALE IN FEMALE STUDENT
AT SMA NEGERI 1 GRESIK
Quasy Experiment Study
By: Erlinda Septavy Nugrahwaty
Dysmenorrhea is menstrual pain that presents as cramp, ranging from mild to severe, which may disturb daily activities. Dysmenorrhea can be overcome using effleurage technique or the application of warm compress. The objective of this study was to analyze the difference between effleurage technique and warm compress in the reduction of menstrual cram (dysmenorrhea).
This study used quasy experiment design. The population was female students who had dysmenorrhea in SMA Negeri 1 Gresik. Samples recruited using purposive sampling through matching prevess. Be found 24 respondents, eight of which receiving effleurage technique intervention, eight of which receiving warm compress intervention and the other eight were control group. Data were collected using questionnaire and observation.
Data were analyzed with wilcoxon signed rank test and mann whitney u test, with significant level of 0,05. The result can be shown to know about of dysmenorrheal scale. In intervention group, had significant value by using wilcoxon signed rank test are p = 0,010 for effleurage technique and p = 0,009 for warm compress. To know about the difference was using mann whitney u test, in the reduction of dysmenorrhea scale had significan value p = 0,356.
Conclusively, there was no difference of both intervention. So, effleurage technique and warm compress can be equally used to reduce the degree of menstrual cramp (dysmenorrhea). Further studies are needed using combined methods, with more samples and have the same adaptation with pain.